Felix Martinez (1859-1907)
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Felix Martinez was a painter during the Spanish colonial period of Philippine history. He specialized in creating landscapes and still life portraits, and is considered a formative influence in the pre-Modern period of Filipino art. He was born into an affluent Illustrado family and received a classical western education. In this era the Illustrado - literally meaning enlightened and educated - were considered the patron of the arts of the country, and Martinez’s paintings often reflect the privileged status of the Illustrados from which he came. His paintings style is similar to other contemporary artists such as Simon Flores, Lorenzo Guerrero, and Paz Paterno. Some of his well-known paintings include River Landscape, Conversation by the Window, and Governor Blanco and His Troops, which is held at the National Museum of the Philippines.