James Hope (1818 - 1892)
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James Hope was born in Scotland in 1818, but moved to Canada with his father after his mother's passing. At the young age of twelve, Hope was orphaned in a cholera outbreak. After being an apprentice to a wagon maker in Vermont, Hope attended the Castleton Vermont Seminary for a year, where he focused on portrait painting. Moving from Vermont to Montreal and back to Castleton again, Hope finally established and dedicated himself to landscape painting. In 1849, Hope sent his first Castleton landscape to the Exhibition of the American Art Union and, in 1854, his work was accepted by the National Academy of Design, where he was elected an Associate Member in 1871. While Hope's popularity was procured through his war paintings, he spent the last twenty years of his life painting water and geologic formations found in his area. Hope was a frequent contributor to the exhibitions at the Brooklyn Art Association.