Asher Brown Durand (1796 - 1886)
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Asher Brown Durand was an American painter of the Hudson River School who was born in Maplewood, New Jersey. From 1812 to 1817, Durand was an apprentice to an engraver and was later asked to run the firm's New York branch. Durand also helped organize the National Academy of Design, which was then called the New York Drawing Association. His engraving of John Trumbull's Declaration of Independence, in 1823, is what founded his reputation as an engraver. His interest in engraving soon shifted to oil painting as he spent his summers sketching and painting in the Catskill Mountains of New York and White Mountains of New Hampshire. Durand is best known for his intricate and realistic portrayals of trees, foliage, and rocks. He is also noted for his painting, Kindred Spirits, that was a tribute to Thomas Cole's death in 1848.