Carl Andre (1935 - Present)
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Carl Andre was born in Quincy, Massachusetts, where he completed primary and secondary schooling. From 1951 to 1953, Andre studied art at Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. After serving in the U.S. Army for a year, Andre moved to New York City in 1956. Andre's early work in wood was possibly inspired by Brancusi, but sharing a studio with Stella led him to develop a series of wooden "cut" sculptures. From 1960 to 1964, Andre worked as a freight brakeman and conductor for the Pennsylvania Railroad, an experience that would later influence his sculpture and artistic personality. His book, 12 Dialogues, exhibits Andre's interest in concrete poetry, which is now in the collection of the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam. Andre is an American minimalist artist most well known for his ordered linear format and grid-like sculptures. In 1965, Andre had his first public exhibition in the "Shape and Structure" show at the Tibor de Nagy Gallery and, in 1969, he helped organize the Art Workers Coalition. Currently, Andre is being represented by the Paula Cooper Gallery in New York, and others.