Jack Tworkov (1900 - 1982)
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A Polish born American abstract expressionist painter, Jack Tworkov was born in Biala Podlaska, Russian Empire and immigrated to the United States in 1913. While he intended to become a writer, after being exposed to Cezanne and Matisse in 1921, he became determined to study art and, therefore, after attending Columbia University, he studied at the National Academy of Design and Art Students League of New York. After meeting a group of abstract expressionists, including Mark Rothko and Jackson Pollock, Tworkov contributed to the founding of the New York School. Tworkov taught at many institutions, such as the American University, Black Mountain College, Pratt Institute, Columbia University, Yale University, and Queens College, amongst others. His earlier work is characterized by gestural brush strokes in flame-like color and, later on in his career, straight lines and geometric patterns.