Martin Johnson Heade (1819 - 1904)
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Known best for his salt marsh landscapes, seascapes, and tropical still lifes, Martin Johnson Heade was an American painter who was born in Lumberville, Pennsylvania. His interest in landscape art was influenced by his time studying with Edward Hicks as well as the friendships he had with artists of the Hudson River School. Heade traveled to Europe several times as a young artist, and exhibited both in Philadelphia and New York. He also traveled to the tropics where he continued to study and paint birds and flowers. The work he produced during this time were primarily portraits. In 1883, Heade moved to St. Augustine, Florida, where his chief works consisted of Floridian landscapes and flowers. His painting style and subject matter were derived from the romanticism of the time, yet deviate from typical romantic paintings. Although Heade was not a widely known artist during his lifetime, he became recognized as a major American artist during the 1940s. His works can now be seen in major museums and collections.